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Corona Virus: Britain uses recovered blood plasma to treat patients



Britain is preparing to use the blood of survivors of the Coronavirus to treat the infected patients who are currently hospitalized.

The National Health Insurance Authority requires some individuals who have recovered from Covid-19 to donate blood so that they can evaluate this potential treatment by conducting some experiments.

Scientists hope that the antibodies in the blood of the recovered people can eradicate the virus in other patients.

The United States has launched a major project to study this type of treatment in more than 1500 hospitals.

And if someone is infected with the emerging coronavirus, which causes Covid-19 disease, then their immune system responds to this strange virus by creating antibodies that attack it.

These antibodies grow over time and can be found in the plasma, the liquid part of the blood.

The Department of Blood and Organ Transplants at the Health Insurance Authority in Britain has begun to contact some patients who have recovered from Covid-19 to find out if some of their plasma can be transferred to patients with the virus currently.

"We envision that this will initially be used in attempts to possible treatment of Covid-19. If it is fully approved, experiments will verify whether the plasma transfer of people who have recovered and are now undergoing recovery, can improve the speed of recovery of existing patients with the virus, and opportunities Their deliverance. "

"All trials must follow a strict approval process to protect patients, and to ensure robust results are obtained. We are working closely with the government and other relevant agencies to obtain approvals as quickly as possible," the statement added.

Are other groups subjected to these experiences?

There are a number of multiple agencies in Britain that are considering the use of blood plasma.

This week the University of Wales Hospital in Cardiff announced that it would like to test this technology.

Professor Sir Robert Litcheler, President of the Academy of Medical Sciences, and Director of the King's Health Partner Group, in which King College Hospital London, and three other major hospitals in London are hoping to use this method on a smaller scale.

He wants to use plasma with patients with serious conditions, who have no other option, while trials will begin at the national level.

He said: "I will be disappointed if we cannot make this method of treatment available to some patients within two weeks. We hope that the experiences of the Health Insurance Authority will start quickly."

He added that Britain had moved slowly to test this method.

He said: "I think there are several aspects to this epidemic, and we will remember it and marvel at why we did not move faster."



What is the situation in the rest of the world?

Throughout the world experiments are underway to consider plasma use.

Three weeks ago, scientists in the United States began organizing a project across the country, and 600 patients have been treated there.

The project is led by Professor Michael Joyner, who works at the Mayo Clinic.

He told the BBC: "What we knew during the first week of the project was that although there were no reassuring signs, it did not appear to have any side effects."

"There are oral reports of improved oxygen, and some other patients have improved. This is certainly encouraging, but it needs careful evaluation," he added.

He said: "There is a lot that we do not understand about plasma. We will learn a lot about it, about the levels of antibodies, and other factors that we may find over time. But as a doctor, I feel that sometimes we have to take action, if in our hands what helps us."

How did this method help with other epidemics?

Using the blood of recovered patients is not a new idea in medicine. It was used more than 100 years ago, during the Spanish flu pandemic, and years ago in the treatment of Ebola and SARS.

Only a few studies have examined the efficacy of this method, and there is a lot of research to be done to determine its effectiveness with the Corona virus.

But scientists in the United States say that many donors to help.

"We have hundreds and hundreds of donors and we have been able to collect more than 1,000 blood units. This is encouraging, to see that what matters to people who have recovered, is how they can help others," said an official at the New York State Blood Center.

But scientists say the plasma is not a magic bullet.

With few options to treat the Corona virus, there is still hope that plasma will help until a vaccine is found.

BBC
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